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Julio Argentino Roca
The monument is located on Avenida Julio Argentino Roca, better known as Diagonal Sur. It was made by the Uruguayan sculptor José Luis Zorrilla de San Martín, it was inaugurated in 1941.
At the base of the monument, we can see two bronze sculptures, one ahead and one behind. The first figure has a spear in his right hand and a sword in his left hand, his forearm is resting on a shield, this figure represents La Patria. The second one has the national flag in the right hand and a plow in the other hand, which represents the work. At the top of the monument, we can see the outstanding figure that is General Julio Argentino Roca. He is riding his horse, dressed as a soldier and has a sword in his hand. Julio Argentino Roca (1843-1914) was a politician, military and Argentine statesman, and was also president of the Argentine Republic in two periods. He was one of the most questioned politicians in history due to his leading role in what was called the Desert Campaign.
In 2012, a bill was presented in the Porteña Legislature for the monument to be moved and replaced by another one that represents the indigenous peoples. Also, the change of name of Julio Argentino Roca Avenue was requested. In the foundations of the bill, Roca is referred to as a "genocide-president". Because he was the one who devised a series of military incursions to contain the indigenous advance in the Argentine territory. The project arrived at the public hearing, but it was alleged, in defense of the monument, that from the patrimonial view the transfer was not advised. The law was not approved. The monument is the usual venue for protests and counter-celebrations on anniversaries such as October 12, the day on which respect for cultural diversity is celebrated.
Plazoleta Ricardo Tanturi. Intersection of Av. Julio Argentino Roca with the streets Perú and Adolfo Alsina.