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San Martin Monument
The monument to General San Martín was made in two stages. The first was in charge of the French sculptor Louis Joseph Daumas who, in the first instance, the Chilean government entrusted him with the sculpture of San Martín for that country. Next, and requested by the Argentine government, the sculptor made a replica for this country with some different details, which was inaugurated in July 1862.
At the beginning of 1900 Gustavo Eberlain, a German sculptor, was entrusted with the foundation of the monument. In this work, considered as a second stage, we can appreciate the milestones related to the Argentine and Latin American independence, the three most important battles of San Martin: the one of Chacabuco, the one of Maipú and the one of San Lorenzo, and references to the crossing of the Andes, the proclamation of the Independence of Peru, the Battle of Salta and the Toma de Montevideo. The German architect also left reflected the allegory of the life of a soldier in four sculptures called: the game, the battle, the victory and the return, they are in the vertices of the monument.
As we mentioned before, the second stage of the monument was in charge of the German Gustavo Eberlein, who began to carry out this work in his country, which meant a problem at the time of supervision. As a result of this, the representation of some soldiers and other small details of the work do not conform to the historical truth of the moment, an example of this is that certain soldiers wear uniforms with Napoleonic characteristics, which do not resemble the original ones, but since most of the reliefs had already been cast, only a few mistakes could be amended.
San Martin Plaza