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Rosso Fiorentino, between 1530 and 1540.
This painter is one of the first and most prominent painters of the end of the Renaissance. He obtains particularly in his works very dramatic expressions, from violent volumetrics that disfigure or unfold the faces and bodies represented.
This is the only easel painting that is known with certainty that he painted it in France. If you look carefully there are visible marks on the bodies of Christ and Saint John. Thanks to X-ray analysis, it is now known that it is due to an inverted initial composition of both characters.
The painting is a clear example of the characteristic drama of Rosso Fiorentino. The expression of the characters shows the sadness they feel when they see the Christ and allows us to be moved by such a historical moment of the Christian religion.